Shoreline Change Analysis of Pontang Cape of Serang Regency of Banten Province

Abdurrahman Al Farrizi, Ankiq Taofiqurohman, Subiyanto Subiyanto


Coastal areas, being vulnerable to environmental problems, have one of the most frequent problems which are the change in the shorelines. Shoreline changes, namely abrasions, can cause problems such as land degradations or loss of land in a coastal zone. This problem occurs in many areas, one of which is Pontang Cape. This study aims to determine the distance and rate of shoreline changes that occured in the Cape and its surroundings, as well as explaining the analysis points based on similar studies that had been conducted. This research used ArcMap software and Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) toolset to determine the distance and rate of shoreline changes for 19 years (1999-2018). Based on the results, there were two shoreline segments where different phenomena of shoreline change took place, namely Banten Bay (accretion) and Pontang Cape-Lontar (abrasion). The most likely causes of changes in the shorelines are sediment runoffs from rivers that lead to bay and sediment transports that affect Banten Bay accretions, while sea sand mining and conversions of mangrove swamps into fishery ponds are factors affecting abrasions in Pontang Cape.

Keywords: Abrasion, Accretion, Pontang Cape, Banten Bay, DSAS

Full Text:



Daniels, R.C. 2012. Using ArcMap to Extract Shorelines from Landsat TM Data. Proceedings of the 32nd ESRI International Users Conference, San Diego.

Hoitink, A. J. F., Hoekstra, P. 2003. Hydrodynamic Control of The Supply of Reworked Terrigenous Sediment to Coral Reef in The Bay of Banten (NW Java, Indonesia). Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 58: 743-755.

Husrin, S., Prihantono, J. 2014. Penambangan Pasir Laut. IPB Press, Bogor. 134 pp.

Husrin, S., Prihantono, J., Softyan, H. 2016. Impacts of Marine Sand Mining Activities to the Community of Lontar Village, Serang-Banten. Bulletin of the Marine Geology 29(2): 81-90.

Kusumawati, L. 2008. Penambangan Pasir Laut di Kabupaten Serang: Studi Kasus di Perairan Desa Lontar Kecamatan Tirtayasa. Tesis. Magister Perencanaan Kota dan Daerah, Universitas Gajah Mada.

Luijendijk, A., Hagenaars, G., Ranasinghe, R., Baart, F., Donchyts, G., Aarninkhof, S. 2018. The state of the world’s beaches. Scientific reports 8(1): 1-11.

Opa, E. T. 2011. Perubahan Garis Pantai Desa Bentenan Kecamatan Pusomaen, Minahasa Tenggara. Jurnal Perikanan dan Kelautan Tropis 7(3): 109-114.

P3SLDP. 2014. Kajian Dampak Penambangan Pasir Laut Pantai Utara Banten untuk Reklamasi Teluk Jakarta Terhadap Sumberdaya Laut dan Pesisir. Laporan Penelitian, P3SDLP. Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan, Jakarta.

Prihantono, J., Hadiwijaya, L. 2014. Studi perubahan garis pantai di Pesisir Kecamatan Tirtayasa Kabupaten Serang Provinsi Banten. P3SDLP, Jakarta.

Prihantono, J., Irfan, A.F., Yessi, N.K. 2018. Pemodelan Hidrodinamika dan Transpor Sedimen di Perairan Pesisir Sekitar Pontang Cape, Kabupaten Serang-Banten. Jurnal Kelautan Nasional 13(2): 75-88.

Rahmawan, G. A., Husrin, S., Prihantono, J. 2017. Bathymetry Changes Analysis in Serang District Waters Caused by Seabed Sand Exploitation. Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis 9(1): 45-55.

Setyawan, W. B. 2010. Pengembangan tambak, kehadiran mangrove dan perubahan garis pantai di pesisir utara Propinsi Banten. Jurnal Alami 15(2): 51-59.

Tarigan, M. S. 2007. Perubahan garis pantai di wilayah pesisir perairan Cisadane, Provinsi Banten. Makara Sains 11(1): 49-55.

Thieler, E. R., Himmelstoss, E. A., Zichichi, J. L., Ergul, A. 2009. The Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) version 4.0-an ArcGIS extension for calculating shoreline change (No. 2008-1278). US Geological Survey.

Trujillo, A. P, Thurman, H. V. 2016. Essentials of Oceanography, 12th Edition. Pearson Education, Boston. 608 pp.

Viet, P. B., Lan, T. T. H., Phung, H. P. 2014. Performance of Landsat 7 ETM+ image in SLC-off mode for land cover classification. International Symposium on Geoinformatics for Spatial Infrastructure Development in Earth and Allied Sciences.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Lisensi Creative Commons

Omni-Akuatika de Fisheries and Marine Science Faculty - Jenderal Soedirman University est mis à disposition selon les termes de la licence Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International.

Fondé(e) sur une œuvre à
Les autorisations au-delà du champ de cette licence peuvent être obtenues à