The Suitable Sites for Seagrass Transplantation in Lae-Lae Island and Sandbar According to Sediment Characteristics

Mahatma Lanuru, Priska Bungaran Patandianan, Caesar Islami Wahidin, Permatasari Permatasari

Abstract


The success of a seagrass transplantation effort depends on identifying locations with optimal sediment characteristics for seagrass growth and survival. This study analyzed sediment characteristics of seagrass bed sediment and adjacent unvegetated sediment on Lae-Lae Island and Lae-Lae sandbar (Makassar, South Sulawesi) to determine the suitable sites for seagrass transplantation. Seagrass bed sediments and adjacent unvegetated sediments were collected from four locations to measure sediment particle size, redox potential, organic matter, water content, nitrate, and phosphate concentrations. Analysis of similarities (ANOSIM) was performed using PAST (Paleontological Statistics) software to determine a suitable site for seagrass planting (transplantation). The results show that surface sediments in the Lae-Lae island are composed of medium sand and coarse sand with grain sizes varying from 0.290 to 0.768 mm, whereas in the Lae-Lae sandbar, the sediment is composed of medium sands (0.371 – 0.460 mm). Redox potential (Eh) varied from -34.1 to -65.7mV, water contents were 1.3 to 1.8%, organic contents were 19.85 to 38.53%, nitrate content varied from 0.60 to 3.47, and phosphate content varied from 7.42 to 14.19 ppm. The percentage of mud (clay and silt) and organic matter were slightly higher in seagrass bed sediments compared to unvegetated area sediments. No differences in nutrient contents (nitrate and phosphate) between seagrass sediments and unvegetated were observed in this study. ANOSIM results show no difference in the sediment characteristics between a seagrass bed and unvegetated sand at the north and south sides of Lae-Lae Island and Lae-Lae sandbar, which means that these three sites are suitable for seagrass transplantation.

Keywords: sediment, seagrass, transplantation, site selection, ANOSIM, Lae-Lae  


Full Text:

PDF

References


Almasi, M.N.., Hoskin, C.M, and J. Milo. 1987. Effect of natural and artificial Thalassia on rates of sedimentation. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology 57: 901 – 906.

Ambo-Rappe, R. 2022. The success of seagrass restoration using Enhalus acoroides seeds is correlated with substrate and hydrodynamic conditions. Journal of Environmental Management 310 (6):114692.

Amin, F. 2016. Konektivitas Juvenil Ikan Antara Habitat Mangrove dan Lamun Di Pulau Pramuka, Kepulauan Seribu, Jakarta. Thesis. Institut Pertanian Bogor. 61 pp.

Bos A.R., Bouma T.J., de Kort G.L.J, Van Katwijk M.M. 2007. Ecosystem engineering by annual intertidal seagrass beds: sediment accretion and modification. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 74: 344–348.

Clarke, K. R. 1993. "Non-parametric multivariate analyses of changes in community structure". Austral Ecology. 18 (1): 117–143.

Dahuri, R, R Jacub, P.G Sapta, and M. J . Sitepu., 2001. Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Wilayah Pesisir dan Lautan Terpadu. PT Pradnya Paramita, Jakarta.

Duarte, C.M., Losada, I.J., Hendriks, I.E., Mazarrasa, I., and Marbà, N., 2013. The role of coastal plant communities for climate change mitigation and adaptation. Rev. Nat. Clim.Change 3: 961–968.

Fairhurst, R.A. and Graham, K.A. 2003. Seagrass bed-sediment characteristics of Manly Lagoon. In:Freshwater Ecology Report 2003. Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Technology, Sydney.

Hammer, Ø., Harper, D.A.T., and P. D. Ryan, 2001. PAST: Paleontological Statistics Software Package for Education and Data Analysis. Palaeontologia Electronica 4(1): 9pp. http://palaeo-electronica.org/2001_1/past/issue1_01.htm.

Hemminga, M.A. and C.M. Duarte. 2000. Seagrass Ecology. Cambridge University Press. New York.

Jiang, Z., Liu, S., Cui, L. et al. 2022. Sand supplementation favors tropical seagrass Thalassia hemprichii in eutrophic bay: implications for seagrass restoration and management. BMC Plant Biology 22:296.

Lanuru, M 2011 Bottom sediment characteristics are affecting the success of seagrass (Enhalus acoroides) transplantation on the west coast of South Sulawesi (Indonesia). In: Proc. 3 Int. Conf. on Chemical, Biological, and Environ. Engineering, IPCBEE. 20, (Singapore: IACSIT Press). 97–102.

McKenzie. L.J. 2007. Relationships between seagrass communities and sediment properties along the Queensland coast. Progress report to the Marine and Tropical Sciences Research Facility. Reef and Rainforest Research Centre Ltd, Cairns (25pp.).

Mellors, J., Marsh, H., Carruthers, T.J.B. and Waycott, M. 2002. Testing the sediment-trapping paradigm of seagrass: do seagrasses influence nutrient status and sediment structure in tropical intertidal environments?. Bulletin Of Marine Science 71(3): 1215–1226.

Miyajima, T., Koike, I., Yamano, H., and H. Iizumi. 1998. Accumulation and transport of seagrass-derived organic matter in reef flat sediment of Green Island, Great Barrier Reef. Marine Ecology Progress Series 175: 251 – 259.

Nadiarti, A., Riani. E., Djuwita, I., Budiharsono, S., Purbayanto. A., and Asmus. H. 2012. Challenging for seagrass management in Indonesia. Journal of Coastal Development 15: 234-242.

Newell, R. I. E. and E.W. Koch. 2004. Modeling seagrass density and distribution in response to changes in turbidity stemming from bivalve filtration and seagrass sediment stabilization. Estuaries 27 (5): 793-806.

Nishijima, W., Nakano, Y., Hizon-Fradejas, A.B., and Nakai, S. 2015. Evaluation of substrates for constructing beds for the marine macrophyte Zostera marina L. Ecological Engineering 83: 43–48.

Nurdin, N., Djalil, A.R. and Jaya, I. 2014. Geospatial dynamic of seagrass in outer zone, Spermonde Archipelago, Indonesia using Landsat data from 1972-2013. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering 9261. DOI: 10.1117/12.2062898.

Ondiviela, B., Losada, I.J., Lara, J.L., Maza, M., Galvan, C., Bouma, T.J., and van Belzen, J. 2014. The role of seagrasses in coastal protection in a changing climate. Coastal Engineering 87: 158–168.

Park,J., 1, Kim, J.B., Lee, K., and Son, M.H. 2013. An Experimental Transplantation to Select the Optimal Site for Restoration of the Eelgrass Zostera marina in the Taehwa River Estuary. Ocean Sci. J. 48(4): 311-318.

Park, J.I. and Lee, K.S. 2007. Site-specific success of three transplanting methods and the effect of planting time on the establishment of Zostera marina transplants. Marine Pollution Bulletin 54: 1238–1248.

Pereda-Briones, L., Tomas, F., and Terrados J. 2018. Field transplantation of seagrass (Posidonia oceanica) seedlings: Effects of invasive algae and nutrients. Marine Pollution Bulletin 134: 160–165.

Statton, J., Cambridge, M.L., Dixon, K.W. and Kendrick, G.A. 2013. Aquaculture of Posidonia australis Seedlings for Seagrass Restoration Programs: Effect of Sediment Type and Organic Enrichment on Growth. Restoration Ecology 21 (2): 250–259.

Tomascik, T., A.J. Mah, A. Nontji, and M.K. Moosa. 1997. The Ecology of The Indonesian Seas. Part Two. The Ecology of Indonesia Series. Volume VIII. Periplus Edition (HK), Ltd, Singapore.

van Katwijk, M.M., A.R. Bos. V.N. de Jonge., L.S.A.M. Hanssen., D.C.R. Hermus, and D.J. de Jong. 2009. Guidelines for seagrass restoration: Importance of habitat selection and donor population, spreading of risks, and ecosystem engineering effect. Marine Pollution Bulletin 58: 179–188.

Vichkovitten, T., Intarachart, A., Khaodon, K. and S. Rermdumri. 2016. Transplantation of Tropical Seagrass Enhalus acoroides (L.) in Thai Coastal Water: Implication for Habitat Restoration. GMSARN International Journal 10: 113 – 120.

Werorilangi, S., Samawi, M.F., Rastina, Tahir, A., Faizal, A., and Massinai, A. 2016. Bioavailability of Pb and Cu in Sediments of Vegetated Seagrass, Enhalus acoroides, from Spermonde Islands, Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Research Journal of Environmental Toxicology 10 (2): 126-134.

Xiao, X., Huanga, Y., and Holmer, M. 2020. Current trends in seagrass research in China (2010-2019). Aquatic Botany 166: 1-10.

Zabarte-Maeztu, I., Matheson, F.E., Manley-Harris, M., Davies-Colley, R.J., Oliver, M., and Hawes. I. 2020. Efects of Fine Sediment on Seagrass Meadows: A Case Study of Zostera muelleri in Pauatahanui Inlet, New Zealand. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering 8: 1 – 20.

Zhang, Q., Liu, J., Zhang, P., Liu, Y and Xu, Q. 2015. Effect of silt and clay percentage in sediment on the survival and growth of eelgrass Zostera marina: Transplantation experiment in Swan Lake on the eastern coast of Shandong Peninsula, China. Aquatic Botany 122: 15–19.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20884/1.oa.2022.18.2.956

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 

Lisensi Creative Commons

Omni-Akuatika de Fisheries and Marine Science Faculty - Jenderal Soedirman University est mis à disposition selon les termes de la licence Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International.

Fondé(e) sur une œuvre à www.ojs.omniakuatika.net.
Les autorisations au-delà du champ de cette licence peuvent être obtenues à www.ojs.omniakuatika.net.