Sediment Porosity Investigation of Tidal Zone in Teluk Penyu Cilacap, Indonesia

Florencius Eko Dwi Haryono, Hydian Suripto, Mukti Trenggono


The sediment fraction is the grain size, sorting and composition of the sediment, while sediment porosity is the ratio of the volume of the cavity in total volume. The cavity in marine sediment is a habitat of decomposing organisms.  The research aimed to analyze the relationship between the fraction and porosity of tidal zone sediments in coastal of Teluk Penyu Cilacap. This survey method used sediment core samplers, sediments fractions used sieve method and the porosity used method of Reeve (1986), and analysis used software SPSS20. The results showed that tidal zone sediments in coastal of Teluk Penyu Cilacap were dominated by the fine sand with percentage when high water was higher than low water. Based on mean size diameter, sediment near Serayu river was found medium sand and far was fine sand. Based on linear regression, the relation between sediment fraction and porosity at high water and low water was obtained very weak, but when low water was found in opposite condition to the high water, that the greater of sediment diameter was smaller of porosity.  High porosity indicates a wider space between the sediments and allows more decomposing organisms. It is important to consider the results of the clearing of organic matter which affects to fish resources in coastal waters.


Keywords: sediment fractions, porosity, teluk penyu

Full Text:



Akter, J., Sarker, M. H., Popescu, I. and Roelvink, D. 2016. Evolution of the Bengal Delta and its prevailing processes. Journal of Coastal Research: 32(5): 1212-1226.

Alexander, C. R. and Windom, H. L. 2017. Material mobilization and transport in the Anadyr River-Estuarine system, eastern Siberia. Journal of Coastal Research 33(3): 548-563.

Boruff, B. J., Emrich, C. and Cutter, S. L. 2005. Erosion hazard vulnerability of US coastal counties. Journalof Coastal Research 21(5): 932-942.

Chen,Chen-Yuan., Lee,Chung-Pan and Chen, C. W. 2002. On the Permeability Inside the Grainulas Media. Journal of Marine Science and Technology 10(2): 136-145.

Curry, C. W., Bennett, R. H., Hulbert, M. H., Curry, K. J. and Faas, R. W. 2010. Comparative Study of Sand Porosity and a Technique for Determining Porosity of Undisturbed Marine Sediment. Marine Georesources & Geotechnology 22(4): 231-252.

Dastgheib, A., Reyns, J., Thammasittirong, S., Weesakul, S., Thatcher, M. and Ranasinghe, R. 2016. Variations in the Wave Climate and Sediment Transport Due to Climate Change along the Coast of Vietnam. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 4(4): 86.

Droppo, I. G., Walling, D. E. and Ongley, E. D. 2000. The influence of floe size, density and porosity on sediment and contaminant transport. The Role of Erosion and Sediment Transport in Nutrient and Contaminant Transfer (Proceedings of a symposium held at Waterloo, Canada, July 2000). IAHS Publ. no. 263, 2000. 141

Evans, R. L., Law, L. K., St. Louis, B., Cheesman, S. and Sananikone, K. 1999. The shallow porosity structure of the Eel shelf, northern California: results of a towed electromagnetic survey. Marine Geology 154:211-226

Forster, S., Bobertz, B. and Bohling, B. 2003. Permeability of Sands in the Coastal Areas of the Southern Baltic Sea: Mapping a Grain-size Related Sediment Property.Aquatic Geochemistry 9(3): 171-190.

Jensen, B. 2014. Wave Interaction with Porous Coastal Structures. Technical University of Denmark.

Jones, M. E. and Addis, M. A. 1985. On changes in porosity and volume during burial of argillaceous sediments. Marine and Petroleum Geology 2(3): 247-253.

Mai, T., Dao, T., Ngo, A. and Mai, C. 2019. Porosity Effects on Wave Transmission Through a Bamboo Fence. International Conference on Asian and Pacific Coasts. APAC 2019:1413-1418

Missimer, T. M. and Lopez, O. M. 2018. Laboratory Measurement of Total Porosity in Unconsolidated Quartz Sand by Two Integrated Methods. J Geol Geophys 2018 7: 5

Van Geet, M., Lagrou, D. and Swennen, R. 2003. Porosity measurements of sedimentary rocks by means of microfocus X-ray computed tomography (μCT). Geological Society, London. Special Publications 215: 51-60

Kamann, P. J., Ritzi, R.W., Dominic, D. F. and Conrad, C. 2007. Porosity and Permeability in Sediment Mixtures Reply. Ground Water 45(4): 429-38.

Kominz, M. A., Patterson, K. and Odette, D. 2011. Porosity in Slope and Deep Marine Sediments. Lithology Dependence of Porosity in Slope and Deep Marine Sediments. Journal of Sedimentary Research 81(10): 730-742

Manta, G.; Barreiro, M.; Ortega, L. and Defeo, O., 2017. The effect of climate variability on the abundance of the sandy beach clam (Mesodesma mactroides) in the southwestern Atlantic. Journal of Coastal Research 33(3): 531-536.

Packwood, A. R. 1983. The influence of beach porosity on wave uprush and backwash. Coastal Engineering 7(1): 29-40.

Sanford, W, E. and Konikow, L. F. 1989. Porosity development in coastal carbonate aquifers. GEOLOGY 17: 249-252.

She, K., Horn, D. P and Canning, P. 2006. Porosity and Hydraulic Conductivity of Mixed Sand-Gravel Sediment. Conference: Flood and Coastal Risk Management.

Scott, T., G. Masselink, P. Russell. 2011. Morphodynamic Characteristics and Classification of Beaches in England and Wales. Marine geology. School of Marine Science and Engineering, University of Plymouth, Drake Circus, Plymouth, United Kingdom 10: 1-20.

Reeve, M.J. 1986. Water Retention, Porosity and Composition Interrealationships of Alluvial Soils in Mid Hawke’s Bay and Their Relevance in Irrigation Planning. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 29(3): 457-468

Vankoningsveld, M., Mulder, J. P. M., Stive, M. J. F., Vandervalk, L. and Vanderweck, A.W. 2008. Living with sea-level rise and climate change: a case study of the Netherlands. Journal of Coastal Research 24(2): 367-379.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Lisensi Creative Commons

Omni-Akuatika de Fisheries and Marine Science Faculty - Jenderal Soedirman University est mis à disposition selon les termes de la licence Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International.

Fondé(e) sur une œuvre à
Les autorisations au-delà du champ de cette licence peuvent être obtenues à