Investment Feasibility of Ecotourism Development in Small Island

Agus Romadhon, Suhartono Suhartono, Dyah Ayu Sulistyo Rini

Abstract


The small islands have unique natural conditions, although they are surrounded and isolated by the sea, their natural environment is well preserved and offers interest views. Ecotourism is one of the activities to utilize ecosystem services of small islands. The study aimed to evaluate the suitability of tourism and assess the feasibility of investing in ecotourism development using the Tourism Suitability Index (TSI) and the Small Island Investment Index (SII). The research location is on Saor Island, one of the small islands in Madura Island. The results showed that Saobi Island is suitable for diving and snorkelling tourism (2.0 ≤ TSI <2.5). Infrastructure conditions, governance, socio-culture make Saobi Island a suitability investment place for tourism investment (SII = 3.70). Saobi Island policies to support small island ecotourism investments are improving the quality of accessibility, land ownership, availability of infrastructure, reinventing local traditions and improved the quality of human resources

 

Keywords: ecotourism, Saor island, small island investment

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adrianto, L., Yonvitner, Imran, Z., Wahyudin, Y., Utomo, P., Yusuf, M., Batubara, R. M. S., Ramli, I., Sidqi, M., Ilyas, N. 2011. Kriteria Pulau-pulau Kecil yang Bernilai Ekonomi Tinggi untuk Mendukung Investasi. Direktorat Pendayagunaan Pulau-pulau Kecil, Direktorat Jenderal Kelautan Pesisir dan Pulau-pulau Kecil. Jakarta (ID): KKP

Bengen, D. G. & Retraubun, A. W. S. 2006. Menguak Realitas dan Urgensi Pengelolaan Berbasis Eko-Sosio Sistem Pulau-Pulau Kecil. Pusat Pembelajaran dan Pengembangan Pesisir dan Laut (P4L). ISBN 979-98867-2-4

Bjarnason, D. 2010. Island Connections: Icelandic Spatiality in the Wake of Worldly Linkages. Island Studies Journal 5(2): 217-236.

Braat, L. C., De Groot, R., 2012. The ecosystem services agenda: bridging the worlds of natural science and economics, conservation and development, and public and private policy. Ecosystem Services 1 (1): 4–15.

Costanza, R., de Groot, R., Sutton, P., van der Ploeg, S., Anderson, S. J., Kubiszewski, I., Farber, S., Turner, R. K. 2014. Changes in the global value of ecosystem services. Global Environmental Change 26: 152–15.

Davenport, J., Davenport, J. L. 2006. The impact of tourism and personal leisure transport on coastal environments: a review. Journal of Environmental Economic 67: 280–292.

Farrell, B. H., Twining-Ward, L. 2004. Reconceptualizing tourism. Annals of Tourism Research 31(2): 274–295.

Ismail, I. 2014. Kendala Investasi di Era Otonomi Daerah (Studi Kasus Pembangunan Proyek PLTU di Kabupaten Batang). Jurnal Politika 5(1)

Miguel, A. & Pedregal, N. Anthropological contributions to tourism studies 2019 Annals of Tourism. Research 75: 227–237

Musa, G., 2002. Sipadan: a SCUBA-diving paradise: an analysis of tourism impact, diver satisfaction and tourism management. Tourism Geographies 4(2): 195–209

Naderi, R. A. 2014. The Evaluation of Capabilities and Effective Factors on Investment in The Ecotourism Areas in Shirvan Town By AHP Method. Indian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Life Science 4 (S3):861-869

Natural Resources Conservation Center, East Java. 2015, Saobi Island Nature Reserve Profile. Balai Konservasi Sumberdaya Alam Jawa Timur

Plathong, S., Inglis, G. J., Huber, M. E. 2000. Effects of self-guided snorkelling trails in a tropical marine park. Biological Conservation 14: 1821-1830.

Poirine, B. 2014. The Significance of Geographic Location in Island Studies: A Rejoinder. Island Studies Journal 9 (2): 373 – 376

Priskin, J. 2001. Assessment of natural resources for nature-based tourism: the case of the Central Coast Region of Western Australia. Tourism Management 22: 637–648

Pungetti, G. 2012. Islands, Culture, Landscape and Seascape. Journal of Marine and Island Cultures 1: 51–54

Rodgers, K. U. S., Cox, E. F. 2003. The effects of trampling on Hawaiian corals along a gradient of human use. Biological Conservation 112: 383-389

Roman, G, Dearden, P., Rollins, R. 2007. Application of zoning and “limits of acceptable change” to manage snorkeling tourism. Journal of Environmental Management 39: 819-830.

Scheyvens, R. & Momsen, J. H. 2008.Tourism and poverty reduction: Issues for small island states. Tourism Geographies 10(1): 22–41.

Shareef, R. & McAleer, M. 2005. Modelling international tourism demand and volatility in small island tourism economies. International Journal of Tourism Research 7(6): 313–333.

Simpson, M. C., 2008. Community benefit tourism initiatives - a conceptual oxymoron? Tourism Management 29(1): 1–18

Spilanis, I., Kizos, T., Petsioti, P. 2012. Accessibility of Peripheral Regions: Evidence from Aegean Islands (Greece). Island Studies Journal 7(2):199-214.

Susana, C., António, M. M. 2020. Foreign Direct Investment in the tourism sector: The case of France Tourism Management Perspectives 33: 100614

Umardiono, A. 2011. Pengembangan Obyek Wisata Taman Nasional Laut Kepulauan Karimun Jawa. Jurnal Media Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik 24(3): 192 – 201

Uyarra, M. C., Watkinson, A. R., Cote, I. M. 2009. Managing dive tourism for the sustainable use of coral reefs: validating diver perceptions of attractive site features. Environmental Management Journal 43: 1-16.

Wilson, S. K., Graham, N. A. J., Prachett, M. S., Jones, G. P., Polunin, N. V. C. 2006. Multiple disturbances and the global degradation of coral reefs: are reef fishes at risk or resilient? Journal of Global Change Biology 12: 2220–2234

Wong, P. P. 2008. Coastal tourism development in Southeast Asia: relevance and lessons for coastal zone management. Ocean & Coastal Management 38: 89–109

Yulianda, F. 2019. Ekowisata Perairan. Suatu Konsep Kesesuaian dan Daya Dukung Wisata Bahari dan Wisata Air Tawar. IPB Press.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20884/1.oa.2020.16.3.855

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 

Lisensi Creative Commons

Omni-Akuatika de Fisheries and Marine Science Faculty - Jenderal Soedirman University est mis à disposition selon les termes de la licence Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International.

Fondé(e) sur une œuvre à www.ojs.omniakuatika.net.
Les autorisations au-delà du champ de cette licence peuvent être obtenues à www.ojs.omniakuatika.net.