Fish Aggregation Pattern on Red-Blue-Green Light Emitting Diode (RGB-LED) Light in Static Lift Net

SUGANDI SUGANDI, Ronny Irawan Wahju, Mochammad Riyanto, sumardi sumardi


The Red-Blue-Green Light Emitting Diode (RGB-LED) light used in the static lift net can manipulate fish behavior to attract, approach and be concentrated in the lighting area. The purpose of this study is to determine the use of the RGB-LED light intensity with pulse width modulation PWM) value for gathering fish and changing patterns of schooling fish’s movement. Seven treatments with changes in PWM values were the initial conditions, 250, 195, 145, 95 20 and 5 PWM. The methods were by using Hydro-acoustic sonar 360o and ImageJ analysis used to determine the schooling fish’s area in horizontal and vertical by dividing the center zone, main zone, influence zone, and shadow zone. Results of the visualization image of schooling fish as the target fish group visualized by horizontally and vertically. It has the longest duration of 90 ' and 250 PWM has a time duration of 10' shows the difference in the area of schooling fish in four zones. 195, 145 and 95 PWM with each time duration of 10' dominant schooling fish were in the main zone and influence zone, the lowest two light intensities of PWM values were 5 and 20, there are three zones namely center zone, main zone, and shadow zone, schooling fish were increasing with movement pattern by revolving the light source at shadow zone. The approached fish were forming schooling fish because they were attracted to light, with changes in the PWM value that can model the movement patterns of schooling fish.


Bao, J., Jiang, H., Tian, X., Dong, S. 2014. Growth and Energy Budgets of Green and Red Type Sea Cucumbers Apostichopus japonicus (Selenka) under different light colors. Aquaculture. 418 (1): 139-14.

Barranco, C.C., Hughes, L.E. 2015. Effects of light pollution on the emergent fauna of shallow marine ecosystems: Amphipods as a case study. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 94: 235-240

Brown, A., Rengi, P. 2014. Pelagic Fish Stock Estimation by Using The Hydroacoustic Method in Bengkalis Regency Waters. Jurnal Terubuk. :21- 34.

Brown, A., Yani, A.H., Hernando, W. 2016. Composition of trap catches which is operate in sea waters contain fish apartment in teluk rhu village waters, rupat utara sub district of bengkalis district. Jurnal Perikanan dan Kelautan. 21 (2): 55-64.

Cahyadi, C., You, X. 2016 Arrangement of led lumen based on pulse width modulation (pwm) betha version to attract the schooling fish. Jurnal kelautan nasional. 11 (2) 119–125

Celi, M., Filiciotto, F., Maricchiolo, G., Genovese, L., Maria Quinci, E., Maccarrone, V., Mazzola, S., Vazzana, M., Buscaino, G., 2016. Vessel noise pollution as a human threat to fish: assessment of the stress response in gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata, Linnaeus 1758). Fish Physiol Biochem. 42 (2), 631–641.

Chairunnisa,S., Setiawan N., Irkham., Ekawati., K., Anwar A., Fitri A.D.P. 2018. Study of Fish Behavior with AUTO-LION Prototype, (Laboratorium Scale) Marine Fisheries. 9 (1): 53-62.

Dey, S., Ghosh, S. ,Debbarma, C., Sarkar, P., Marfai, M., Maiti, S., Jerram, D.A., 2011. jPOR: An ImageJ macro to quantify total optical porosity from blue-stained thin sections. Comput Geosci. 37, 1850–1859.

Dufour, M.R., Mayer, C.M., Qian, S.S., Vandergoot, C.S., Kraus, R.T., Kocovsky, P.M., Warner, D.M. 2018. Inferred Fish Behavior its Implication For Hydroacoustic Surveys in Nearshore Habitats. Fisheries Research. 99 : 63-75.

Dwipayana, M.F., Rostini, I., Apriliani, I.M. 2018. Results of floating capture tools with different hauling times in east beach pangandaran water. Jurnal Perikanan dan Kelautan. 9(1) : 112-118.

Faizah, K. 2017. Estimation of porosity extension in digital fibermate images (vynil alcohol) with software imagej 14.7v. Jurnal Agroteknose. 9(2): 27-35.

Flare, R.S., Davie, A., Grant, B., Carboni, S., Atack, T., Migayd, H. 2016. Effects of light spectrum and tank background colour on atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) and turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) larvae performance. Aquaculture. 450 (1): 6-13.

Fore, M., Frank, K., Dempster, T., Alfredsen, J.A., Hoy, E. 2017. Biomonitoring Using Tagged Sentinel Fish and Acoustic Telemetry in Commercial Salmon Aquaculture: A Feasibility Study. Aquacultural Engineering. 78 : 163-172.

Fujaya, Y. 2002. Fish physiology Proyek Peningkatan Penelitian Pendidikan Tinggi Direktorat Jendral Pendidikan Tinggi. Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. Jakarta. Hal. 160-163

Guo, A., Yuan, Y., Chu, T., Lian Q. 2019. Hydroacoustic assessment of fish resources in three reservoirs: The effects of different management strategies on fish density, biomass and size. Fisheries Research. 215 : 90-96.

Himan, M.I., Mawardi, M., Diniah, Zulkarnain. 2018. Effectiveness of Submersible LED Light as Hauling Lamp on Boat Liftnet. Albacore. 2 (1): 069-077

Im, S., Park, S.G., Cho, Y., Sung, H.J. 2018. Schooling Behavior of Rigid and Flexible Heaving Airfoils. International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow. 69: 224-233.

Kadir, I.A., Susanto, A.N., Karman, A., Ane, I.O. 2019. Status of fisheries sustainability of boat lift net based on bio-economy in toniku village west Halmahera District. Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis. 11 (1): 181-190.

Loupatty, G. 2012. Analisis Warna Cahaya Lampu Terhadap Hasil Tangkapan Ikan. Jurnal Barekeng. 6(1):47-49.

Manik, H.M. 2015. Measurement and numerical model of fish target strength for quantitative echo sounder. AACL Bioflux.8(5): 699–70

Manik, H.M., Mamum, A., Hestirianoto, T. 2014. Computation Of Single Beam Echo Sounder Signal For Underwater Objects Detection And Quantification. International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications. 5(5): 94-97.

Mekdara, P.J., Schwalbe, M.A.B., Coughlin, L.L., Tytell, E.D. 2018. The Effects Of Lateral Line Ablation and Regeneration in Schooling Giant Danios. Journal of Experimental Biology. 226. Jeb. 175166 doi:10.1242/jeb.175166.

Nabiu, N.L.M., Baskoro, M.S., Yusfiandayani, R. 2018. Light adaptation process of retinal yellowstripe scad (Selaroides leptolepsis. Jurnal Teknologi Perikanan dan Kelautan. 9 (1): 97-102.

Palawe, H.J., Kaparang, F.E., Luasunaung, A., Silooy, F., Sompie, M.S. 2019. Effects of colored blinking led on squid catch rates in Tahuna waters Kelurahan Santiago Kabupaten Kepulauan Sangihe. Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Perikanan Tangkap. 3(3): 110-114

Parra HE, Pham CK, Menezes GM, Rosa A, Tempera F, Morato T. 2017. Predictive Modeling of Deep-Sea Fish Distribution in the Azores. Deep-Sea Research II. 145: 49-60.

Penggabean, D. 2011. Analisis Swimming Layers dan Sebaran Senditas Ikan Pelagis Kecil di Selat Makassar. [tesis]. Bogor (ID): Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Purbayanto A, Riyanto M, Fitri ADP. 2010. Fisiologi dan tingkah laku ikan pada perikanan tangkap. Bogor (ID): IPB Press.

Ramadhan, B., Rosana, N., Sofijanto, M.A. 2018. Analysis of tancap charts composition result using the soil wave based fishing tools in delegan water, Gresik east Jawa Seminar Nasional Kelautan XIII.

Rand, P.S., Fukushima, M. 2014. Estimating the size of the spawning population and evaluating environmental controls on migration for a critically endangered Asian salmonid, Sakhalin taimen. Ecology and Conservation. 2 : 214-225

Sajdlov, Z.,Frouzov, J., Drastik, V., Juza, T., Peterka, J., Prchalova, M., Riha, M., Vasek, M., Kubecka, J., Cech, M. 2018. Are diel vertical migrations of European perch (Perca fluviatilis L.) early juveniles under direct control of light intensity? Evidence from a large field experiment. Freshwater Biology. 63:473–482

Smott, S., Monczak, A., Miller, M.E., Mantie, E.W. 2018. Boat noise in an estuarine soundscape – A potential risk on the acoustic communication and reproduction of somniferous fish in the May River, South Carolina. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 133: 246-260.

Syahputra, R.D., Bambang, A.N., Ayunita, D.N.N.D. 2016. Technical and Financial Analysis Comparison between Stationery Lift Nett and Raft Lift Nett in Muncar Coastal Fishing Port, Banyuwangi, East Java. Journal of Fisheries Resources Utilization Management and Technology. 5 (4): 206-215.

Takahashi, A., Kasagi, S., Murakami, N., Furufuji, S., Kikuchi, S., Mizusawa, K., Andoh, T. 2018. Effects of different green light intensities on the growth performance and endocrine properties of barfin flounder verasper moseri. General and Comparative Endocrinology. 257 (1): 203-210.

Urbasa, F., Kaparang, F.E., Kumajas, H.J. 2015. Study of fish interest in floating net cages to the color of light in Sindulang I waters, Tuminting District, Manado City. Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Perikanan Tangkap. 2: 39-43.

Willianmson, B., Fraser, S., Williamson, L., Nikora, V., Scott, B. 2019. Predictable changes in fish school characteristics due to a tidal turbine support structure. Renewable Energy. 141: 1092-1102.

Zielkea, L., Vierratha, S., Moronia, R., Mondonc, A., Zengerlea, R., Thiele, S., 2016. Three-dimensional morphology of the interface between micro porous layer and catalyst layer in a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell. Royal Society of Chemistry. 6. 80700–80705.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Lisensi Creative Commons
Omni-Akuatika de Fisheries and Marine Science Faculty - Jenderal Soedirman University est mis à disposition selon les termes de la licence Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International.

Fondé(e) sur une œuvre à
Les autorisations au-delà du champ de cette licence peuvent être obtenues à