Age, Growth and Mortality of the Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio) Population in Merdja Sidi Abed Dam, Algeria.



We tried to estimate age, growth parameters, condition factor, length-weight relationship and mortality rates (Z, M, and F) of the common carp in Merdja Sidi Abed dam. Cyprinus carpio specimens were captured by long line between April and June 2013 in Merdjea Sidi abed. 220 individuals were collected and weights ranged between 265.5 and 620.3 g while the total length ranged between 26.3 and 35.6 cm. Length-converted catch curve was used to estimate total annual instantaneous mortality rates (Z), natural mortality was calculated using Pauly formula [ln(M) = -0.0152 - 0.279 ln(L) + 0.6543 ln(K) + 0.463 ln(T)]. Recruitment patterns were determined from the routine implemented in FISAT II. For all individuals (n = 220) of the common carp, the relationship between total length and body weight was: W = 0.0384 L2.70 (r2 = 0.906) for females and W = 0.0467 L2.653(r2 = 0.976) for males a minor allometry was found for this species, mean condition factor K was estimated at 1.41. The maximum value of recruitment was recorded in March-April period with 19.56 and 15.20 % respectively. The Battacharya method was used to estimate age of individuals that was comprised between 1 and years 3. The equation of Von Bertalanffy growth was: L = 36.75 [1-e-0.46 (t + 0.33)] for all the population. Total mortality (Z), natural mortality (M) and fishing mortality (F) were as follows: Z = 1.08, M = 0.82, F = 0.26 yr-1while exploitation ratio (E) was evaluated at 0.24 indicating an under exploitation of this local resource.


Aguirre, W and Poss, S.G. 2000. Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, 1758. Non-Indigenous Species in the Gulf of Mexico Ecosystem - Gulf States Marine Fisheries Commission (GSMFC) . Accessed October 20, 2016 in

Alp, A and Balik, S. 2000. Growth conditions and stock analysis of the carp (Cyprinus carpio, Linnaeus 1758) population in Gölhisar Lake. Turk J Zool, 24(3), 291-304.

Bagenal, T.B and Tesch, F.W. 1978. Age and Growth. In: Methods for Assessement of Fish production in Freshwater. (Ed. T.B. Bagenal) 3rd ed. IBP Handbook, Blackwell, oxford, pp. 93-130.

Balik, İ., Çubuk, H., Özkök, R and Uysal, R. 2006. Some characteristics and size of carp (Cyprinus carpio L., 1758) population in the Lake Karamık (Afyonkarahisar/Turkey). Turk J Fish Aquat Sc, 6: 117-122 (2006)

Demirkalp, F.Y. 2007a. Growth characteristics of carp (Cyprinus carpio L., 1758) in Liman Lake (Samsun, Turkey). Hacettepe J Biol Chem, 35(1), 1-8.

Demirkalp, F.Y. 2007b. Some of the growth characteristics of Carp (Cyprinus carpio L., 1758) in Çernek Lake (Samsun, Turkey). Hacettepe J Biol Chem, 35, 57-65.

Dieuzeide, R and Rolland, J. 1951. Le laboratoire d'hydrobiologie et de pisciculture d'eau douce du Mazafran. Bull Stat Aquic Pêche Castiglione 3:190–207.

Fatemi, S.M., Kaymaram, F., Jamili, S, Taghavi Motlagh, S.A and Ghasemi, S. 2009. Estimation of growth parameters and mortality rate of common carp (Cyprinus carpio), Linnaeus 1758) population in the southern Caspian Sea. Iran J Fish Sci. 8(2) 127-140

Frost, W.E. 1945. The age and growth of eels (Anguilla anguilla) from the Windermere catchment area. J Ani Ecol, 106-124.

Fulton, T.W. 1904. The rate of growth of fishes. Twenty-second Annual Report, Part III. Fisheries Board of Scotland, Edinburgh, pp. 141–241.

Gheorghe, D.C, Răzlog, G.P., Cristea, V and Enache, I. 2011. The growth characteristics of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) in the northern part of the Small Island of Brăila Natural Park. AACL Bioflux, 4(2), 154-158.

Hajlaoui, W., Mili, S., Troudi, D and Missaoui, H. 2016. étude de la biologie de reproductıon chez la carpe commune Cyprinus carpio communıs pêchée dans la retenue du barrage de sidi saad (centre de la tunısıe). Bull Soc zool Fr, 141(1), 25-39.

Kara, H.M. 2012. Freshwater fish diversity in Algeria with emphasis on alien species. Eur J Wildl Res (2012) 58:243–253.

Karataş, M, Çiçek, E, Başusta, A and Başusta, N. 2007.Age, Growth and Mortality of Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio, Linneaus,1758) Population in Almus Dam Lake (Tokat- Turkey). J App Biol Sci. 1(3): 81-85, 2007

Koç, H.T, Erdoḡan, Z, Tinkci, M and Treer, T. 2007. Age, growth and reproductive characteristics of chub, Leuciscus cephalus (L., 1758) in the Ikizcetepeler dam lake (Balikesir), Turkey. J App Ichthyol, 23(1), 19-24.

Kottelat, M and Freyhof, J. 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. İn [].

Mert, R and Bulut, S. 2014. Some biological properties of carp (Cyprinus carpio L., 1758) introduced into Damsa Dam Lake, Cappadocia Region, Turkey. Pak J Zool, 46(2), 337-346.

Mimeche, F., Biche, M., Ruiz-Navarro, A and Oliva-Paterna, F.J. 2013. The population structure, age and growth of Luciobarbus callensis (Cyprinidae) in a man-made lake in the Maghreb (NE Algeria). Limnetica, 32(2), 391-404.

Mimeche, F., Belhamra, M and Mimeche, H. 2015. growth parameters of Cyprinus carpio linnaeus, 1758 (Cyprinidae) in the k’sob reservoir in m’sila (Algeria). Courrier du Savoir. N°19, Mars 2015, pp.59-64.

Mirza, Z.S, Nadeem, M.S, Beg, M.A and Qayyum, M. 2012. population status and biological characterıstıcs of common carp, Cyprinus carpio, in mangla reservoır (Pakistan). JAPS, J Ani Plant Sci, 22(4), 933-938.

Moradinasab, G.H., Raeisi, H, Paighambari S.Y., Ghorbani, R and Bibak, Z. 2012. Length-weight relationships, relative condition factor and relative weight of three fish species from beach seine fishing grounds in Iranian coastal waters of Caspian Sea. Scientific Research and Essays. Vol. 7(18), 1809-1812.

Njiru, M., Ojuok, J.E., Ngugi, C., Morara, G and Mugo, J. 2008. Does seasonal closure have effect on fishery?: the case of common carp, Cyprinus carpio L in Lake Naivasha, Kenya. In Proceedings of Taal 2007: The 12th World Lake Conference (Vol. 137, p. 140).

Özcan, G. 2008. Length–weight relationships for seven freshwater fishes caught in Kemer reservoir, Turkey. J App Ichthyol, 24(3), 337-338.

Palaniswamy, R., Manoharan, S and Geethalakshmi, V. 2011. Assessment of population parameters of Indian major carps and common carp in a culture based reservoir. Indian J Fish, 58(2) : 41-44, 2011

Ricker, W.E. 1973. Linear regressions in fishery research. J Fish Res Board Can. 30: 409–434.

Ricker, W.E. 1975. Computation and interpretation of biological statistics of fish populations. Bull Fish Res Bd Can, 191,1-382.

Saylar, Ö and Benzer, S. 2014. Age and growth characteristics of carp (Cyprinus carpio L., 1758) in Mogan Lake, Ankara, Turkey. Pak J Zool, 46(5), 1447-1453.

Scott, W and Crossman, E.J. 1998. Freshwater fishes of Canada. Oakville (Ontario, Canada): Galt House Publications. xx+966 p [in].

Sedaghat, S., Hoseini S.A, Larijani, M and Shamekhi Ranjbar, K. 2013. Age and Growth of Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio, Linnaeus, 1758) in Southern Caspian Sea, Iran. World J Fish Mar Sci 5(1): 71-73, 2013.

Sinovčić, G. 2000. Anchovy, Engraulis encrasicolus (Linnaeus, 1758) biology, population dynamics and fisheries case study. Acta Adriat, 1(41), 3-53.

Sparre, P and Venema, S. 1992. Introduction to tropical fish stock assessment. Part 1 - Manual. FAO Fish Tech Pap. 306/1 Rev. 1. FAO Rome.

Tandjir, L and Djebar, A.B. 2008. Carpiculture au barrage guenitra (Skikda, Algerie). Sci Tech C – N°29 juin (2009), pp.30-34.

Tempero, G.W., Ling N., Hicks, B.J and Osborne, M.W. 2006. Age composition, growth, and reproduction of koi carp (Cyprinus carpio) in the lower Waikato region, New Zealand. New Zeal J Mar Fresh, 40(4), 571-583.

Tesfaye, G and Wolff, M. 2015. Stock assessment of fishery target species in Lake Koka, Ethiopia. Rev biol trop, 63(3), 755-770.

Treer, T., Habeković, D., Safner, R., Aničić, I and Kolak, A. 1998. growth of pike (Ego lucius L.) in croatian reservoir kruscica. Ribarstvo, 56(3), 85-90.

Treer, T., Habeković, D., Safner, R., Kolak, A and Aničić, I. 1999. Length-mass relationship in chub (Leuciscus cephalus) from five Croatian rivers. Agr Cons Sci, 64(2), 137-142.

Treer, T., Varga B., Safner., R., Aničić, I., Piria, M and Odak, T. 2003. Growth of the common carp (Cyprinus carpio) introduced into the Mediterranean Vransko Lake. J App Ich, 19(6), 383-386.

Winker, H. 2011. Life history and population dynamics of invasive common carp, Cyprinus carpio, within a large turbid African impoundment. Mar Fresh Res, 2011, 62, 1270–1280

Yağcı, M.A., Alp, A., Yeğen, V., Uysal, R., Yağcı, A and Ceylan, M. 2008. Işıklı Gölü'ndeki (Çivril-Denizli) sazan populasyonu (Cyprinus carpio L., 1758)’nun büyüme özellikleri. Ege Üniversitesi Su Ürünleri Dergisi/Ege Univ J Fish Aquat Sci, 25, 337-341.

Zar, J.H. 1999.Biostatistical Analysis, 4th ed. Prentice-Hall, New Jerzey.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Lisensi Creative Commons
Omni-Akuatika de Fisheries and Marine Science Faculty - Jenderal Soedirman University est mis à disposition selon les termes de la licence Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International.

Fondé(e) sur une œuvre à
Les autorisations au-delà du champ de cette licence peuvent être obtenues à