Challenges Encountered By Small Scale Fish Farmers In Assuring Fish Product Sustainability

Tita Elfitasari, Albert Albert

Abstract


ABSTRACT

 

The aquaculture industry is developing tremendously over the past two decades following the significant decline of the world’s fish catch. Nevertheless, small scale fish farmers are still one of the most vulnerable communities in Indonesia. In their attempt to carry out successful aquaculture business, small scale fish farmers encounter several challenges that inhibit the fish farmers in ensuring the sustainability of fish products. This research aims to explore challenges and identify internal and external challenges that affect fish farmers’ activities in ensuring fish product sustainability. This research used a quantitative approach by collecting data through questionnaire distribution to small scale fish farmers in Central Java and data was analyzed using statistical analysis package. The findings of this research showed that challenges are classified into nine internal and seven external challenges. Result of statistical analysis indicated that internal challenges influenced product sustainability through water quality examination, whereas external challenges influenced product sustainability through two activities, i.e. giving feed at the right quantity and time, and maintain fish seed quality and availability.


Full Text:

128-136

References


ADB. 2015. Indonesia: Sustainable aquaculture for food security and poverty reduction project. Evaluation Documents.

Awulachew, S. B., Merrey, D., van Koppen, B., Kamara, A., de Vries, P.F., Boelee, E. 2008. Roles, Constraints and Opportunities of Small-scale Irrigation and Water Harvesting in Ethiopian Agricultural Development, [Online] http://www.ilri.org/data/livelihood/Proceedings/papers/10SeleshiNew.htm#TopOfPage [Accessed on 3rd March 2017]

Be, T. T. 1994. Sustainability of Rice-shrimp Farming System in a Brackish Water Area in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam. Thesis for Master of Science in Systems Agriculture. School of Agriculture and Rural Development. Faculty of Agriculture and Horticulture. University of Western Sydney. Australia.

Bueno, P. 1999. The Small Fish Farmers of Asia: Will They have to Lift Themselves by Their Own Bootstraps. The meeting of the FAO/APFIC Ad Hoc working group of expert on rural aquaculture. Bangkok, Thailand, 20-22 October 1999.

Bussiness Dictionary. 2017. http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition. [Accessed on 2nd August 2017].

Das, S. K. 2006. Small-scale Rural Aquaculture

in Assam, India - a Case Study. NAGA WorldFish Center Quarterly 29(1): 42–47.

De la Cotera, J. 2001. ALBANIA-QABI a Tool to

Support Private Farmers Association in Southern Albania. The World Bank Group.

Effendi, E. 2008. Penyaluran KUR [Kredit Usaha Rakyat] Belum Sentuh Kemiskinan. [The Passing-on of Business Community Credit Loan has not yet Touch The Poor]. Waspada [Online].http://www.waspada.co.id/index2hp?option=com_content&do_pdf=1&id=30937.

Elfitasari, T. 2006. Recent Existing Condition on

Shrimp Culture at Jepara Coast Central Java. Saintek Perikanan: Indonesian Journal of Fisheries Science and Technology 2(1): 94–101.

FAO. 2017. National aquaculture sector overview: Indonesia. Fisheries and Aquaculture Department. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.http://www.fao.orgfishery/countrysector/naso_indonesia/en (Accessed on 2nd August 2017).

Huntington, T. 2009. Fish as feed inputs for Aquaculture – Practices sustainability and implications: a global synthesis. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper No. 518. Rome. pp 1-61.

Kinseng, R. A. 2005. Kemerdekaan Versus Kemiskinan. [Poverty versus independence]. Sinar Harapan newspaper, 7th September 2005. Jakarta. Indonesia. [Bahasa Indonesia].

KKP. 2013. Profil Kelautan dan Perikanan Provinsi Jawa Tengah untuk mendukung Industrialisasi. KP, Pusat Data Statistik dan Informasi, Sekretariat Jenderal Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan.

Kristiansen, S. 2002. Competition, Innovation, and Knowledge in Javanese Rural Business. Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography 23(1): 52–69.

Loscocco, K. A., Robinson, J., Hall, R.H., Allen, J.K. 1991. Gender and Small Business Success: An Inquiry into Women’s Disadvantage. Social Forces 70(1): 65–85.

Mantau, Z., Rawung, J.B.M., Sudarty. 2004. The Effective and Efficient Way to Carp Seedling. Jurnal Litbang Pertanian 23(2): 68–73.

Mkoka, C. 2007. Fish Farming Helps Rural Poor in Malawi, Science and Development network [Online] http://www.scidev.net/ en/news/fish-farming-helps-rural-poor-in-malawi.html [Accessed on 27 November 2016].

Nam, S., Thuok, N. 1999. Aquaculture Sector Review [1984-1999] and Aquaculture Development Plan [2000-2020]. Consultancy report for World Bank/APIP. Department of Fisheries. Phnom Penh. Cambodia.Oxford University Press Askoxford. [Online]. http://www.oxford dictionaries.com/. [Accessed on 14 January 2017].

Nurdjana, M. L. 2006. Indonesian Aquaculture Development. RCA International Workshop on Innovative Technologies for Eco-Friendly Fish Farm Management and Production Safe Aquaculture Foods. Bali. Dec. 4–8 2000.

Pallant, J. 2013. SPSS Survival Manual: A Step by Step Guide to Data Analysis using SPSS for Windows (version 10). Open University Press, Buckingham, UK.

Pauly, D., Christensen, S., Pitcher, T.J., Sumaila, U.R., Walters, C.J., Watson, R., Zeller, D. 2002. Towards Sustainability in World Fisheries. Nature. 418: 689–695.

Pezzey, J., Toman, M.A. 2005. Sustainability and its economic interpretation.

Sukadi, M. F. 2006. Sustainable Aquaculture in

Indonesia. RCA International Workshop on Innovative Technologies for Eco-Friendly Fish Farm Management and Production Safe Aquaculture Foods. Bali. Dec. 4–8 2006.

Theng, L. G., Boon, J.L.W. 1996. An Exploratory Study of Factors Affecting the Failure of Local Small and Medium Enterprises. Asia Pacific Journal of Management 13(2): 47–61.

Verheul, I., Van Stel, A., Thurik, R. 2006. Explaining Female and Male Entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development 18: 151–183.

Zainal, S. 1998. Implementation of Extensionfor Net-cage Aquaculture in Indonesian Reservoirs: Pitfalls and Prospects. FAO Corporate Document Repository [Online]. http://www.fao.org/docrep/005/W8514E/W8514E16.htm. [Accessed on 30 November 2014].




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20884/1.oa.2017.13.2.256

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Lisensi Creative Commons
Omni-Akuatika de Fisheries and Marine Science Faculty - Jenderal Soedirman University est mis à disposition selon les termes de la licence Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International.

Fondé(e) sur une œuvre à www.ojs.omniakuatika.net.
Les autorisations au-delà du champ de cette licence peuvent être obtenues à www.ojs.omniakuatika.net.